Press Council Rules


Freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press are human rights protected by Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The existence of cyber media in Indonesia is also part of freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press.

Cyber media has a special character so that it requires guidelines so that its management can be carried out professionally, fulfilling its functions, rights, and obligations in accordance with Law Number 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Code of Journalistic Ethics. For this reason, the Press Council together with press organizations, cyber media managers, and the public compiled the Cyber Media Reporting Guidelines as follows:

The Scope
of Cyber Media is any form of media that uses internet vehicles and carries out journalistic activities, and meets the requirements of the Press Law and Press Company Standards set by the Press Council.

User Generated Content is any content created and or published by users of cyber media, including articles, images, comments, sounds, videos and various forms of uploads attached to cyber media, such as blogs, forums, reader or viewer comments, and other forms.

Verification and balance of news
In principle, every news must go through verification.
News that may harm others requires verification on the same news to meet the principles of accuracy and balance.

The provisions in item (a) above are excluded, provided that:
– The news is of a genuine public interest of an urgent nature;
– The first news source is a clearly identified, credible and competent source;
– The subject of the news to be confirmed is unknown and or cannot be interviewed;

The media explained to readers that the news still needs further verification which is sought in the shortest time. Explanations are published at the end of the same story, in parentheses and in italics.

After loading the news in accordance with point (c), the media must continue the verification effort, and after the verification is obtained, the verification results are listed on the update news with a link to the unverified news.

User Generated Content Cyber
media must include terms and conditions regarding User Generated Content that do not conflict with Law No. 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Code of Journalistic Ethics, which are placed in a clear and clear manner.
Cyber media requires each user to register for membership and carry out the log-in process first to be able to publish all forms of User Generated Content. The provisions regarding log-in will be further regulated.

In such registration, cyber media requires users to give written consent that the published User Generated Content:
– Does not contain false, slanderous, sadistic and obscene content;
– Does not contain content that contains prejudice and hatred related to ethnicity, religion, race, and intergroup (SARA), and advocates acts of violence;
– Does not contain discriminatory content on the basis of sex and language differences, and does not degrade the dignity of the weak, poor, sick, mentally handicapped, or physically handicapped.

The cyber media has the absolute authority to edit or delete User Generated Content that is contrary to point (c).

Cyber media must provide a complaint mechanism for User Generated Content that is judged to violate the provisions in point (c). Such mechanisms should be provided in a place that is easily accessible to the user.

The cyber media shall edit, delete, and take corrective action for any reported User Generated Content that violates the provisions of point (c), as soon as proportionately possible no later than 2 x 24 hours after the complaint is received.

Cyber media that have complied with the provisions in points (a), (b), (c), and (f) are not liable for problems arising from the loading of content that violates the provisions in point (c).

The cyber media is responsible for the reported User Generated Content if it does not take corrective action after the deadline as stated in point (f).

  1. Rectification, Correction, and Right
    to Reply Rectification, correction, and the right to reply refer to the Press Law, the Code of Journalistic Ethics, and the Right to Answer Guidelines established by the Press Council.

Rectification, correction and or the right to answer must be linked to the news that is corrected, corrected or given the right to answer. In each news of the rectification, correction, and right to
reply, it must include the time of posting the rectification, correction, and or right to answer.

If a particular cyber media news is disseminated by another cyber media, then:
– The responsibility of the newsmaker’s cyber media is limited to news published in that cyber media or cyber media that is under its technical authority; – Correction of news made by a cyber media
, must also be done by another cyber media that cites news from the corrected cyber media;
– The media that disseminates news from a cyber media and does not make corrections to the news as done by the cyber media owner and or creator of the news, is fully responsible for all legal consequences of the uncorrected news.
– In accordance with the Press Law, cyber media that do not serve the right to answer can be sentenced to a criminal law fine of up to Rp500,000,000 (Five hundred million rupiah).

  1. The revocation of news that
    has been published cannot be revoked due to censorship reasons from outside the editor, except related to SARA issues, decency, the future of children, traumatic experiences of victims or based on other special considerations determined by the Press Council.

Other cyber media must follow the retraction of news quotes from the original media that have been revoked.

The revocation of the news must be accompanied by the reasons for the revocation and made public.

  1. Advertising
    Cyber media must distinguish firmly between news products and advertisements. Any news/article/content that is an advertisement and/or
    paid content must include a description of .advertorial., .ad., .ads., .sponsored., or other words that explain that the news/article/content is an advertisement.
  2. Copyright
    Cyber media must respect copyright as stipulated in the applicable laws and regulations.
  3. The inclusion of the Cyber Media Guidelines
    must include these Cyber Media Reporting Guidelines in the media in a clear and clear manner.
  4. Disputes
    The final assessment of disputes regarding the implementation of the Cyber Media Reporting Guidelines is resolved by the Press Council.

Jakarta, 3 February 2012
(This guideline was signed by the Press Council and the press community in Jakarta, 3 February 2012).